書籍 Books that regulate how wine is sold still have a 83-year-old law, which is expensive for consumers

Alcohol-oriented beverage sales are a highly regulated system in all 50 states. These systems are known as both three-tier systems and control system models employed in 18 administrative states / jurisdictions. Basically, a three-tier system is [very easy]. Manufacturers provide alcoholic products to wholesalers / distributors, who distribute these products to retailers and ultimately consumers participate in the mix.

Why should the government complicate relatively simple distribution issues? Especially talking about alcohol and wine. Consumers generally lose when there are few choices. All industries have some form of sophistication and specificity that consumers don't understand, especially when there is no added value in the regulatory bog. For wine enthusiasts [and all alcoholic beverage consumers], a complex system for delivering wine to consumers is helpful. The logic is a bit confusing, even if not completely contradictory. A three-tier delivery system is a government mandated system that must be followed to deliver alcoholic beverages to consumers while protecting vulnerable consumers. Unfortunately, this system has not been unified by state in relation to laws governing wine, spirits and beer, and is a real motivation for consumers to discuss and understand.

This classification of state law was mandated by the federal government in 1933 and the system was entrusted to the state for implementation and management. Basically, the three-tier distribution system mandates a system that alcohol wine, spirits and beer producers must adopt to deliver products to consumers. Not surprisingly, there are many exceptions to the three-tier system, which are based on individual state regulations. Nevertheless, wine-specific systems require that producers sell wine only to wholesalers, wholesalers sell to retailers, and only retailers sell to consumers. One obvious exception is consumer direct wine sales at the winery or on-site winery sales. Clearly, markup is added to product costs at every level of the distribution process. This politically mandated control system increases product costs by more than 30%.

If you are a Utah consumer reading this, you are a criminal if you bring back your favorite wine case from California. Two bottles are your limit! Technically, the three-tier system is not entirely about tax collection, and mechanisms are already in place to ensure that the government [state and federal] is taxed on alcohol products that are produced and sold.

In general, 32 states have private companies as distributors, and 18 states employ some or all of the “controlled distribution model” in which states own distribution for retail sales. Washington and Pennsylvania are such states.

In general, state governments allow or allow private companies to be the only distributors in the state or province. Even in a state with multiple distributors, those distributors & territories are protected by state laws established by the state government. Imagine if a state can approve / approve only one gasoline distributor for sale in the state to explain the harmful effects that such a system can have. Isn't it monopoly?

The questions to ask are: How did you get into this complex system of delivering wine [and beer and spirits] to consumers? A three-tier system does not pay taxes to the state and the federal government. The tax collection was decided long ago. The history of taxes on alcohol dates back to 1791, when Alexander Hamilton proposed an excise tax to help finance the federal government. Ordinary people felt that this "tax" was overly targeting citizens. Alcoholic beverages were a classic part of life and were considered part of the social structure, similar to putting a strain on the air they breathed. So finally the Whiskey Rebellion was born in Pennsylvania. However, excise tax remains to this day.

This was the passage of the 21st Amendment, which gave individual states the right to control most aspects of the distribution of alcoholic beverages [beer, wine, spirits] and was the abolition of the 18th Amendment. Depending on preference, the two goals of the three-tier system were: The state was interested in protecting citizens from excessive consumption, but wanted to promote sales of tax revenues. It might even have been a way to offer franchises to some companies. In any case, this evolved into a three-tier distribution system in 1933.

NABCA represents a control state system [similar to a three-tier system, but a country-owned distribution system] and promotes the benefits of a three-tier system / control state system.

  • Each regulatory layer in the system is responsible for ensuring that the law is enforced. Self-regulation.
  • Economic benefits-"The impact of taxation on society" supports government programs.
  • Public health benefits-protect the public from contaminated alcohol.
  • Commercial Benefit-Manufacturers have equal access to the market, increasing consumer choice.

Threats to three-tier systems / controlled state systems are brought about in the form of deregulation, gaining consumer voice and support. In most cases, industry leaders from major manufacturers want to maintain a three-tier system for obvious reasons. Recall that in the late 1970s, airline regulations were relaxed and the US airline industry was expected to collapse. I didn't do that.

Outside the three-tier system, there are other industry distributor networks with voluntary / optional participation of customers. These are distributors that offer services at competitive rates. The three-tier system is based solely on government orders at the state level. Fairly, the industry generally promotes the following setpoints: moderation encouragement, government tax revenue generation, aggressive marketing avoidance / monitoring by producers and sales practices, and alcoholic beverage state and local Promotion of management.

From a consumer perspective, there may be a problem with a system installed 83 years ago.

  • There is more than 30% cost [wine] added to the product. It is up to the consumer and producer to determine the monetary value of these additional costs for the product.
  • There is a tendency to promote state monopoly practices. Producers have no choice to negotiate with third parties for the distribution of their products. Even if it costs extra. What will producers use if there is no real competition? Certainly, small producers cannot compete with big shots when trying to work with distributors.
  • Currently, the three-tier system is a collection of distribution companies.
  • Distributors promote brands based on the revenue from product sales, so producers [small wineries] cannot compete in retailer-level shelf space.
  • For small producers that produce limited wine [variety], the cost increases are disproportionately high.
  • Large distributors can direct distribution periods to small producers.
  • In the macro market sense, a three-tier distribution system may not be competitive for US producers. One size does not fit all.
  • In some cases, a three-tier distribution system does not allow small wine producers to access the market [local or national]. As a fact of the distribution channel, it may be financially impractical for distributors to store, sell, deliver, and manage shelves of small-scale wine. Even introducing new wines with limited marketing budgets can be prohibitive.

Note: Beer is one of the alcoholic beverages with few rule exceptions. With a few exceptions, retail sales are only made through distributors. But most notable is the “brew pub”. This is defined as a facility that brews and sells its own beer.

When discussing the distribution of each type of alcohol product, stick to wine to avoid getting bogged down. Wine distribution deviates significantly from the general rules for distribution of three-tier systems for many reasons and varies from state to state. The wine distribution options are: There are significant differences between states.

  • Direct delivery to consumers [DtC]
  • Self-distribution
  • On-site sales [at the winery]

As simple as the concept of selling wine, there are many law firms that help wineries navigate a number of complex regulations that are specific to the sale of each state and even cities and counties within the state.

With other channel changes and expansions, the three-tier system will be adjusted slightly each year as the market emerges and the industry changes. Still, a three-tier system is larger than the combination of all other channels. The wine industry [especially the United States and California] has changed significantly as more wineries have been launched and vineyards / wineries have become tourist destinations. For example, Robert Mondavi in ​​the late 1960s had a vision and imagination that appealed to the Northern California wine country itself. This one event helped expand the winery distribution channel within the company through the sale of winery tasting rooms and wine clubs.

The craft beer business started with recovery and the general public responded. There are now pubs and venues that drink 100 beers in one place, and consumers can purchase takeaway containers for their favorite beers [called growers-64oz].

Direct to consumers-wine

This is a growing segment of the wine industry, possibly coming from four sources: consumer visits to wineries, organized wine tasting events, recommendations from friends, and restaurant experiences.

Even if you find a favorite out-of-state wine, that doesn't mean you're going online, joining a winery wine club, or calling a winery to send a case. Availability should be determined by state law, the amount of wine the winery produces, the licenses of the accepting state and winery, and even general carrier agreements.

Ship shipments of DtC [Direct to Consumer] wine increased 15.5% in 2014, according to Ship Compliant and Wines and Vines Analytics reports. This is equivalent to 3.95 million cases of wine. Adding some perspectives, Gallo has generated more than 80 million cases for consumption in the United States. The average price of wine bottles shipped directly to consumers was $ 38.40. A relatively expensive wine.

In 2014, 60% of direct consumer [DtC] wine shipments were directed to five states. California, Texas, New York, Florida, Illinois. Also, it seems that the DtC shipment simplification due to the new state law amendment in 2014 was a welcome change for consumers. In Montana, these changes resulted in a 245% increase in DtC sales and a corresponding 61% increase in North Dakota.

In summary, 43 states are allowed to ship wine to states, and 7 states are not allowed. The states that do not allow DtC shipments are Alabama, Delaware, Kentucky, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota [until 2016], and Utah.

As mentioned earlier, all states use either a three-tier distribution system or a control system [these operate like a three-tier system, but are owned and operated by individual states]. In short, all states manage some form of wine sales to consumers. The exception to these rules is that consumers can purchase wine directly from the producer in the DtC shipping state. However, a good equalizer is the shipping cost given to consumers that can be significant depending on the amount purchased. For DtC shipments, it's like paying to a distributor or paying to a delivery company.

Even California is the preferred child of DtC shipping and requires a three-tier distributor to bring wine from outside the state winery to California.

As Wine Folly reported, only 17% of US wineries are distributed throughout the United States. Some wineries are too small to be economically viable for distributors to carry brands, wineries cannot create enough labels to make them attractive to distributors, wine prices are too low, and / or not Corresponding bulk sales, or distributors who are sufficient, want many discounts to make a profit at the winery. In all these cases, a direct consumer model is an excellent alternative.

Self-distribution

Self-distribution refers to the ability of a winery to function as a wholesaler by selling directly to retail and restaurant companies.

The 14 states allow winery self-distribution, but it is not an easy process. Postal, license, application, report, bond avalanche to pay excise tax; these all vary from state to state. Interestingly, California allows self-distribution of wineries in the state. Many California wineries have sales staff who sell wine to restaurants and retailers.

As with the three-tier system, self-distribution is defined by various rules established by each state that allow wineries to self-distribute. This is illustrated with two examples. Arizona allows the self-distribution of wineries that produce less than 20,000 gallons of wine. In Illinois, out-of-state wineries that produce less than 25,000 gallons per year may be self-distributed. However, the Self-Distribute exemption allows you to sell up to 5,000 gallons of wine annually to retailers. This shows the complexity of distribution options in different situations.

In conclusion, there are about 10 states that do not allow shipping to consumers. In fact, if you are a Utah resident and bought a wine case while visiting a winery in Sonoma, California, taking that wine back to your home in Utah could be a felony. In some other states, the winery must purchase a permit each year from the state to ship to you.

On the premises

This approach doesn't need to be explained much. However, he purchases a few bottles of wine, goes to the hotel and asks the concierge to ship it using the FedEx number. Do not expect to be delivered unless the hotel has an alcohol shipping permit. The solution is to carry wine.

I was impressed if I was interested in following an event that changed the law in relation to a three-tier system or other related issues-Fermentation: The Daily Wine Blog http: //www.fermentationwineblog .com work communication. Other than that, this blog works with politicians on behalf of wine consumers, and the blog is aimed at consumers.

Casual wine consumers are probably not interested in wine politics. Frankly speaking, consumers should be concerned that there may be little added value to the imposed wine distribution costs. DtC may be a new alternative, but the law is not uniform throughout the state. Depending on the state, if you go to Wine Mart or Costco, you will probably add an additional 30% to the distributor for the three-tier system. Simply because of the 83 year old law.

The consumer pays for the value received, but gives the producer or consumer a choice. They state their preferences at the cash register.

cheers!

Culture shock of Bakken Country

A great deal of attention has been focused on the Bakken Oil Field and North Dakota. Bucken is great news for North Dakota, and it comes from wealth and change. And that's great news for the oil-hungry US who can always face the Middle East oil supply problem. All this news and information about what is happening in northwestern North Dakota brings thousands of people from other states and other countries. The following explains how we responded to the move to northwestern North Dakota.

In the early 90s, he was hired by the North Dakota Highway Patrol and passed the Bismarck HP Academy. I always lived in a relatively populated area, but I was used to living in large cities. To my disappointment, the Highway Patrol decided to station me in Stanley, about 55 miles west of Minot, in the middle of the Bakken reservoir. Stanley's population at that time was about 1500, but I found a house in the countryside south of the town. It was a shock to look out the window at night and notice that the closest light was more than a mile away.

At that time, oil drilling and exploration were carried out, but nothing like today. Occasionally we see refurbishment rigs, but remember that we actually saw drilling rigs only once every three years in Stanley. The Bakken and Three Forks reservoirs were neither news nor conversation topics. The only real contact with the oil industry occurred when the crude truck was stopped due to speeding or overloading.

The first day in Stanley was a memorable one. That first morning, when I opened the photo window curtain in the living room and looked outside, I couldn't believe my eyes. There was a flock of animals in my front yard that I could not identify. They seemed to belong to the plains of Africa, not the farms of North Dakota. The longer I looked at the animals, the more confident that I escaped from the zoo. Of course, after that day, I found that the animal is a common pronghorn antelope!

That day became more interesting, but I'll explain that in the next article.

書籍 Books that regulate how wine is sold still have a 83-year-old law, which is expensive for consumers

Alcohol-oriented beverage sales are a highly regulated system in all 50 states. These systems are known as both three-tier systems and control system models employed in 18 administrative states / jurisdictions. Basically, a three-tier system is [very easy]. Manufacturers provide alcoholic products to wholesalers / distributors, who distribute these products to retailers and ultimately consumers participate in the mix.

Why should the government complicate relatively simple distribution issues? Especially talking about alcohol and wine. Consumers generally lose when there are few choices. All industries have some form of sophistication and specificity that consumers don't understand, especially when there is no added value in the regulatory bog. For wine enthusiasts [and all alcoholic beverage consumers], a complex system for delivering wine to consumers is helpful. The logic is a bit confusing, even if not completely contradictory. A three-tier delivery system is a government mandated system that must be followed to deliver alcoholic beverages to consumers while protecting vulnerable consumers. Unfortunately, this system has not been unified by state in relation to laws governing wine, spirits and beer, and is a real motivation for consumers to discuss and understand.

This classification of state law was mandated by the federal government in 1933 and the system was entrusted to the state for implementation and management. Basically, the three-tier distribution system mandates a system that alcohol wine, spirits and beer producers must adopt to deliver products to consumers. Not surprisingly, there are many exceptions to the three-tier system, which are based on individual state regulations. Nevertheless, wine-specific systems require that producers sell wine only to wholesalers, wholesalers sell to retailers, and only retailers sell to consumers. One obvious exception is consumer direct wine sales at the winery or on-site winery sales. Clearly, markup is added to product costs at every level of the distribution process. This politically mandated control system increases product costs by more than 30%.

If you are a Utah consumer reading this, you are a criminal if you bring back your favorite wine case from California. Two bottles are your limit! Technically, the three-tier system is not entirely about tax collection, and mechanisms are already in place to ensure that the government [state and federal] is taxed on alcohol products that are produced and sold.

In general, 32 states have private companies as distributors, and 18 states employ some or all of the “controlled distribution model” in which states own distribution for retail sales. Washington and Pennsylvania are such states.

In general, state governments allow or allow private companies to be the only distributors in the state or province. Even in a state with multiple distributors, those distributors & territories are protected by state laws established by the state government. Imagine if a state can authorize / approve only one gasoline dealer selling in the state to explain the harmful effects that such a system can have. Isn't it monopoly?

The questions to ask are: How did you get into this complex system of delivering wine [and beer and spirits] to consumers? A three-tier system does not pay taxes to the state and the federal government. The tax collection was decided long ago. The history of taxes on alcohol dates back to 1791, when Alexander Hamilton proposed an excise tax to help finance the federal government. Ordinary people felt that this "tax" was overly targeting citizens. Alcoholic beverages were a classic part of life and were considered part of the social structure, similar to putting a strain on the air they breathed. So finally the Whiskey Rebellion was born in Pennsylvania. However, excise tax remains to this day.

This was the passage of the 21st Amendment, which gave individual states the right to control most aspects of the distribution of alcoholic beverages [beer, wine, spirits] and was the abolition of the 18th Amendment. Depending on preference, the two goals of the three-tier system were: The state was interested in protecting citizens from excessive consumption, but wanted to promote sales of tax revenues. It might even have been a way to offer franchises to some companies. In any case, this evolved into a three-tier distribution system in 1933.

NABCA represents a control state system [similar to a three-tier system, but a country-owned distribution system] and promotes the benefits of a three-tier system / control state system.

  • Each regulatory layer in the system is responsible for ensuring that the law is enforced. Self-regulation.
  • Economic benefits-"The impact of taxation on society" supports government programs.
  • Public health benefits-protect the public from contaminated alcohol.
  • Commercial Benefit-Manufacturers have equal access to the market, increasing consumer choice.

Threats to three-tier systems / controlled state systems are brought about in the form of deregulation, gaining consumer voice and support. In most cases, industry leaders from major manufacturers want to maintain a three-tier system for obvious reasons. Recall that in the late 1970s, airline regulations were relaxed and the US airline industry was expected to collapse. I didn't do that.

Outside the three-tier system, there are other industry distributor networks with voluntary / optional participation of customers. These are distributors that offer services at competitive rates. The three-tier system is based solely on government orders at the state level. Fairly, the industry generally promotes the following setpoints: moderation encouragement, government tax revenue generation, aggressive marketing avoidance / monitoring by producers and sales practices, and alcoholic beverage state and local Promotion of management.

From a consumer perspective, there may be a problem with a system installed 83 years ago.

  • There is more than 30% cost [wine] added to the product. It is up to the consumer and producer to determine the monetary value of these additional costs for the product.
  • There is a tendency to promote state monopoly practices. Producers have no choice to negotiate with third parties for the distribution of their products. Even if it costs extra. What leverage do producers control if there is no real competition? Certainly, small producers cannot compete with big shots when trying to work with distributors.
  • Currently, the three-tier system is a collection of distribution companies.
  • Distributors promote brands based on the revenue from product sales, so producers [small wineries] cannot compete in retailer-level shelf space.
  • For small producers that produce limited wine [variety], the cost increases are disproportionately high.
  • Large distributors can direct distribution periods to small producers.
  • In the macro market sense, a three-tier distribution system may not be competitive for US producers. One size does not fit all.
  • In some cases, a three-tier distribution system does not allow small wine producers to access the market [local or national]. As a fact of the distribution channel, it may be financially impractical for distributors to store, sell, deliver, and manage shelves of small-scale wine. Even introducing new wines with limited marketing budgets can be prohibitive.

Note: Beer is one of the alcoholic beverages with few rule exceptions. With a few exceptions, retail sales are only made through distributors. But most notable is the “brew pub”. This is defined as a facility that brews and sells its own beer.

When discussing the distribution of each type of alcohol product, stick to wine to avoid getting bogged down. Wine distribution deviates significantly from the general rules for distribution of three-tier systems for many reasons and varies from state to state. The wine distribution options are: There are significant differences between states.

  • Direct delivery to consumers [DtC]
  • Self-distribution
  • On-site sales [at the winery]

As simple as the concept of selling wine, there are many law firms that help wineries navigate a number of complex regulations that are specific to the sale of each state and even cities and counties within the state.

With other channel changes and expansions, the three-tier system will be adjusted slightly each year as the market emerges and the industry changes. Still, a three-tier system is larger than the combination of all other channels. The wine industry [especially the United States and California] has changed significantly as more wineries have been launched and vineyards / wineries have become tourist destinations. For example, Robert Mondavi in ​​the late 1960s had a vision and imagination that appealed to the Northern California wine country itself. This one event helped expand the winery distribution channel within the company through the sale of winery tasting rooms and wine clubs.

The craft beer business started with recovery and the general public responded. There are now pubs and venues that drink 100 beers in one place, and consumers can purchase takeaway containers for their favorite beers [called growers-64oz].

Direct to consumers-wine

This is a growing segment of the wine industry, possibly coming from four sources: consumer visits to wineries, organized wine tasting events, recommendations from friends, and restaurant experiences.

Even if you find a favorite out-of-state wine, that doesn't mean you're going online, joining a winery wine club, or calling a winery to send a case. Availability should be determined by state law, the amount of wine the winery produces, the licenses of the accepting state and winery, and even general carrier agreements.

Ship shipments of DtC [Direct to Consumer] wine increased 15.5% in 2014, according to Ship Compliant and Wines and Vines Analytics reports. This is equivalent to 3.95 million cases of wine. Adding some perspectives, Gallo has generated more than 80 million cases for consumption in the United States. The average price of wine bottles shipped directly to consumers was $ 38.40. A relatively expensive wine.

In 2014, 60% of direct consumer [DtC] wine shipments were directed to five states. California, Texas, New York, Florida, Illinois. Also, it seems that the DtC shipment simplification due to the new state law amendment in 2014 was a welcome change for consumers. In Montana, these changes resulted in a 245% increase in DtC sales and a corresponding 61% increase in North Dakota.

In summary, 43 states are allowed to ship wine to states, and 7 states are not allowed. The states that do not allow DtC shipments are Alabama, Delaware, Kentucky, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota [until 2016], and Utah.

As mentioned earlier, all states use either a three-tier distribution system or a control system [these operate like a three-tier system, but are owned and operated by individual states]. In short, all states manage some form of wine sales to consumers. The exception to these rules is that consumers can purchase wine directly from the producer in the DtC shipping state. However, a good equalizer is the shipping cost given to consumers that can be significant depending on the amount purchased. For DtC shipments, it's like paying to a distributor or paying to a delivery company.

Even California is the preferred child of DtC shipping and requires a three-tier distributor to bring wine from outside the state winery to California.

As Wine Folly reported, only 17% of US wineries are distributed throughout the United States. Some wineries are too small to be economically viable for distributors to carry brands, wineries cannot create enough labels to make them attractive to distributors, wine prices are too low, and / or not Corresponding bulk sales, or distributors who are sufficient, want many discounts to make a profit at the winery. In all these cases, a direct consumer model is an excellent alternative.

Self-distribution

Self-distribution refers to the ability of a winery to function as a wholesaler by selling directly to retail and restaurant companies.

The 14 states allow winery self-distribution, but it is not an easy process. Postal, license, application, report, bond avalanche to pay excise tax; these all vary from state to state. Interestingly, California allows self-distribution of wineries in the state. Many California wineries have sales staff who sell wine to restaurants and retailers.

As with the three-tier system, self-distribution is defined by various rules established by each state that allow wineries to self-distribute. This is illustrated with two examples. Arizona allows the self-distribution of wineries that produce less than 20,000 gallons of wine. In Illinois, out-of-state wineries that produce less than 25,000 gallons per year may be self-distributed. However, the Self-Distribute exemption allows you to sell up to 5,000 gallons of wine annually to retailers. This shows the complexity of distribution options in different situations.

In conclusion, there are about 10 states that do not allow shipping to consumers. In fact, if you are a Utah resident and bought a wine case while visiting a winery in Sonoma, California, taking that wine back to your home in Utah could be a felony. In some other states, the winery must purchase a permit each year from the state to ship to you.

On the premises

This approach doesn't need to be explained much. However, he purchases a few bottles of wine, goes to the hotel and asks the concierge to ship it using the FedEx number. Do not expect to be delivered unless the hotel has an alcohol shipping permit. The solution is to carry wine.

I was impressed if I was interested in following a law-changed event related to a three-tier system or other related issues-Fermentation: The Daily Wine Blog http: //www.fermentationwineblog .com work communication. Other than that, this blog works with politicians on behalf of wine consumers, and the blog is aimed at consumers.

Casual wine consumers are probably not interested in wine politics. Frankly speaking, consumers should be concerned that there may be little added value to the imposed wine distribution costs. DtC may be a new alternative, but the law is not uniform throughout the state. Depending on the state, if you go to Wine Mart or Costco, you will probably add an additional 30% to the distributor for the three-tier system. Simply because of the 83 year old law.

The consumer pays for the value received, but gives the producer or consumer a choice. They state their preferences at the cash register.

cheers!

50 years ago: “1968 was a horrible year”

1968 was a horrible year

In Kentucky, horses are a big business, and even boys knew a dispute in Louisville 50 years ago. As far as we know, it started with the first Saturday horse race in May.

Kentucky governor Louis Nan and presidential candidate Richard Nixon see from the stand that the images of the dancers come from the last 14 dead, passing 13 horses, I crossed the wire half a half ago. Nin laughed because Nixon dramatically torn his losing ticket in half.

However, Nixon may have been in a hurry depending on the horse he chose. Three days after the race, Churchill Downs steward ordered Boston car dealer Peter Fuller to return the trophy and winning wallet and assigned a forward pass to the 1968 Kentucky Derby winner. Post-race tests revealed that the dancer's images contained phenylbutazone in the blood sample.

It is an anti-inflammatory analgesic and is used today when horses suffer from joint swelling. However, in 1968, it was illegal on the Kentucky racetrack. Fuller's veterinarian prescribed it during training, but allowed six days to remove it from the horse's bloodstream before the race. Fuller, his veterinarian and horse trainer were at a loss to explain why the dancer's images still contained phenylbutazone in his system on the day of the race.

I'm a strange 8th grader and I read past performance charts in the style of Racing, read the racing form, and remembered many racing trivia. But we were also a family with political awareness. My dad has run for the House in the anti-war slate of “Clean Gene” McCarthy in the 1st Congressional District of Kentucky. Bobby Kennedy was in motion to nominate the presidential candidate across the Indiana River.

Martin Luther King was shot a month before the 1968 Derby, but he lived in Louisville a year ago and helped a local black man led by his brother AD King to protest housing discrimination.

Locals wanted to mess up the race at Churchill Downs the previous year and wanted to mess up the 1967 Derby, but King was persuaded to protest in downtown instead because of the potential for disturbance on the track Did.

In April 1968, Fuller entered the dancer's image with a tune-up of Derby, Wood Memorial Stakes at the Suidobashi Racetrack in New York City.

When his horse won, Fuller recently donated his wallet to the widow Koletta Scott King. I saw two different numbers-$ 62,000 and $ 77,415. In any case, it was a lot of money at $ 1968. He did not publish it, but it was common sense on the track, and the race announcer mentioned it on TV.

This gift made an enemy with Fuller's friend. There was an email I disliked. There was an anonymous death threat. There was a mysterious fire in his stable. So he demanded more security from Churchill Downs management. They refused.

Fuller was a very demanding man. He was a former Marine and the son of a former Republican governor. His father was one of America's richest men, and Fuller himself was not leaning forward.

After growing up in a family with 11 housekeepers, Fuller was accustomed to following his path. It was customary to provide four tickets to the owner of a derby horse. He requested 50.

The forcible and intense Yankee may have alienated the polite southern man he would have tried to captivate. Instead, he made a remark that he looked down on “the redneck”.

The bottom line is that he did not get extra security from Churchill Downs and he did not hire his own. He remembered that the guard in his race barn was an "old man sleeping in a chair".

Fuller later said he believed he was “set up”. An unknown intruder entered a horse stall and injected disqualified phenylbutazone. Either it or a blood sample was disguised.

Fuller appealed to Track Steward. Kentucky racing committee decided and lost. He brought the case to court and won in 1970. The image of the dancer was the 1968 Kentucky Derby winner.

But then Kentucky brought the decision to the Federal Court of Appeal and won a lawsuit against the image of fuller and dancer. That was the last. Fuller said he spent $ 250,000 in a useless lawsuit.

His ranch sign in New Hampshire is proud to be the home of the 1968 Kentucky Derby dancer statue. But the sign is wrong.

The Forward Pass is the 1968 Kentucky Derby winner. The Colt wasn't a fluke-he continued to win the Prianes and missed the Triple Crown sweep on June 1 after leading Belmont to the last 16 poles.

Three days later, 13 years old was starting summer vacation, so in the real world there was a second tragedy in two months. The horse race looked terribly frivolous.

"Take the miserable trash on your full coast, hoping the exhausted, poor, crowded masses want to be free," the poet Emma Lazarus wrote to the Old World. “Send these, I was thrown at me. I lift the lamp next to the golden door.”

And Palestinian immigrant Bisara Silhan brought his family to America. The poet also calls the old world "Keep, ancient land, your prestigious dignity". But when Bishara brought his 12-year-old son Sirhan Sirhan to California, he imported a huge ego and centuries of ancient hatred into the American sanctuary.

Young Silhan looks like a Pompadour hairstyle and was westernized when he was a teenager, and even today an old man looks like a gentleman. However, he testified in court that Bobby Kennedy was "murdered maliciously for 20 years." His diary confirmed that he felt resented to the Jews and to the New York senator who preferred the sale of fighters to Israel.

He sued the Los Angeles Hotel where Kennedy sees supporters and primary results. Kennedy won the California and South Dakota presidential primaries on June 4th. There was great hope among Americans who supported President John F. Kennedy who died eight years ago.

When Bobby Kennedy left the celebration through the hotel kitchen, Sahan caught him and fired three bullets, one on the head and two on the back. Like Phenylbutazone, Sahan invalidated the victory. And in my heart, you can see Richard Nixon stitching pieces of Derby tickets together.

Of course, if Bobby Kennedy was elected president instead of Richard Nixon in November, everyone would guess how the world would be different. Like his brother, he had a tendency to adultery. However, he was practicing Catholicism under the influence of Spellman Cardinal. Unlike his brother Teddy, he did not try to harmonize public policy with his personal immorality.

If the only appointment to Brother Supreme Court is any sign. Bobby Kennedy's three nominated courts may have decided Lo vs. Wade differently.

Byron White, JFK's appointment to court, not only challenged Law, but also opposed all subsequent decisions that applied it as a binding precedent. Nixon, in contrast to JFK, nominated abortionable judges Lewis Powell and Harry Blackmun, and abortion-approved justice Warren Berger in court.

If Bobby Kennedy filled the same kind of Supreme Court vacancy as Byron White on behalf of Richard Nixon, they combined with William Lanequist and White to make a 5-4 majority for fetal protection. May have formed. Tens of millions of American children may have escaped the abortion Holocaust that happened after Low vs. Wade, and it continues today. Thanks to Sirhan Sirhan and the people who have welcomed him to our country, we do not know for sure.

“In 1968,” Fuller said, “It was a horrible year.”

Bart Stinson

Why does dementia mom make up a story?

I take care of my mother. She has dementia. She is still not so difficult to take care of and your family is supportive. Overall, things are going pretty smoothly. But if you were true, you would say that she is really crazy about you-she lies. Yes, the woman who punishes you for lying like a child always lies. When your brother Doug far away in South Dakota calls her to talk to her, you hear your mom lie to him.

“Oh, yes, I'm fine. Yes, today I went for lunch with my friends. Yeah, yes, yesterday I went shopping. Oh, no, honey, fine.”

Just like Wonder Woman, she goes across the kitchen, puts her head and hiss on the mother, “Do n’t lie down now! Go to your room!”

But you must not. No, all you have to do is bring your deep understanding to your mother's dementia. Dementia means that short-term memory is very badly fractured, that it is impossible to consider a rational step-by-step process, and that it is difficult to follow logic and patterns . This is due to many obstacles in the brain created by tangles of plaque and physical degradation.

These difficulties mean that you feel very unsafe. Ask yourself if you have no idea what you did yesterday. Don't know where you went or what you were doing. Think about how many suspense movies are made from that theme. Usually a person who wakes up in a hotel room in an unknown town and doesn't even remember who he is. It's very scary not to remember on a large scale. It is almost impossible to feel secure under these circumstances.

Furthermore, to be honest, it calls for caregivers to accept, not blame, forgive and not get angry. People who are afraid to admit that they don't know anything about yesterday are most likely to rely on their own life patterns. The more back memory, the more users can use. From their old habits, they make yesterday. Don't think they are lying. I think they are seeking peace instead of constant fear.

If they invented extensively, we can accept it as a rich fantasy life. Just as children create from their imagination, it comforts them—the story of a toad, an imaginary friend. Think of your mother as having a fictional friend that comforts her to the loss and anxiety of her current life when she became ill. Usually, caregivers are angry with people with dementia because we are on the other side of dementia. It happens for all kinds of reasons-lack of sleep, dislike of mom, fear of dementia.

Standing beside the person you care about, we actually feel better. Remember that you are suffering from pity, sadness, fear, and family dementia. It does not mean that the family is living with sorrow or pain. In fact, the average day of dementia is fun. Especially when it was fun. Dealing with your problems, you can help them with their problems. That is the caregiver's job.

テ キ ス ト Danger of text messages while driving

The use of mobile phones has exploded over the past few years. As smartphones become more powerful and wireless download speeds increase, the urge to multitask while driving is too strong for many drivers to resist.

Unfortunately, distracting driving is a serious danger for the country's highways. In 2009 alone, nearly 5,500 people were killed, and an additional 450,000 people were injured in distracting driving accidents throughout the United States. Some studies have reported that sending text while driving is 23 times more likely to crash.

The dangers of texting while driving

Text messages while driving are particularly dangerous because they involve three main types of distraction. These three major types of distraction include the following:

visual -The driver keeps an eye on the road

manual -The driver releases his handle

Cognition -The driver's mind is not focused on driving behavior

By allowing distractions in these three aspects, the driver becomes dangerous for himself and the people around him on the highway.

Legal results of text messages while driving

There are various penalties for text messages while driving in various states throughout the country. For example, Alaska is a Class A misdemeanor and includes a fine of up to $ 10,000 and a one-year imprisonment, so there are potentially severe penalties for drivers who catch text messages while driving. Penalties will impose a fine of up to $ 100,000 and up to 10 years in prison until a Class B felony if you are seriously injured by texting and driving.

In contrast, California only penalizes the driver for $ 20 and there are no bans in several states, such as Montana, South Dakota, and South Carolina.

Self-responsibility

Also, most states prohibit texting while driving, but drivers themselves must use common sense. The driver should not use the phone completely when in the driver's seat. If the driver determines that he needs to send a text or answer a phone call, he will park the car in a safe area or parking lot beside the road and complete the task.

Conclusion

By taking a few precautions, you can reduce the chance of a car accident by preventing drivers from being distracted by their phone. Focused drivers are much safer for themselves, passengers, and others traveling on country roads.

However, if you or your family are unhappy that you were injured in an accident caused by a distracted driver, you should contact an experienced personal injury lawyer.

Permax Recall

After two recent studies, the Federal Drug Administration [FDA] announced a Permax recall on March 29, 2007. Permax recalls include both the Permax [peroglide] brand name and the generic version of peroglide. Current research reveals Permax heart valve disease in about a quarter of Parkinson's disease patients who have been taking Permax for an extended period of time.

Permax Valvulopathy was first noticed in 2002 by the Federal Drug Administration [FDA]. Permax was approved by the FDA in 1988. Damaged valve.

Permax side effects, including heart valve injury, were revealed in a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine [NEJM]. High valve leak rates were found in up to 20% of patients prescribed Permax. Dr. Robert Temple, Deputy Director of Medical Policy at the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, said that Permax [Peroglide] had a five-fold increase in mitral, atrial, or tricuspid regurgitation compared to the general population. Said that it is related. The side effects revealed in these studies were further evidence of ongoing problems leading to Permax recall.

Permax, also known as Peroglide, is used to treat patients with Parkinson's disease and is also used in a condition called Restless Leg Syndrome [RLS]. Parkinson's disease is caused by neuronal degeneration in areas of the brain that are involved in motor control that causes progressive neuropathy. Restless legs syndrome is also a neurological symptom, but it is often misdiagnosed despite affecting about 2.7% of people in the United States. Permax heart valve injury has been reported in both Parkinson and restless legs syndrome patients throughout the United States. Permax recalls are expected to affect future treatment for both Parkinson's and RLS patients.

Permax was developed in 1989 after being developed by Eli Lilly. Over 500,000 people have taken Permax since 1989 for the treatment of Parkinson's disease and RLS. Two European studies were conducted in the UK and Italy. In an Italian study, out of 155 people who took Permax, 23.4% developed Permax heart disease. The UK study involved 11,417 people who were taking drugs. Patients in the UK study were 37 times more likely to develop Permax heart problems. Severe permax heart valve disease has also been reported at the Mayo Clinic of patients who have taken drugs and were later diagnosed with heart problems.

The FDA has announced that Parkinson's disease patients should:

o Contact a health care professional to discuss alternative treatment options.

o Do not stop taking Peroglide [Permax] without consulting your healthcare professional because stopping Permax can be dangerous and there are several other effective treatments.

The FDA states that the effect of the Permax recall does not appear immediately. There is a delay that will allow doctors and patients to arrange appropriate alternative treatment options. Following the Permax recall, companies that manufacture and sell peroglide [Permax] are working with the FDA in removing drugs from the market.

Deadwood scan

It was a bet not to record a historic area like Lawrence County's Deadwood, South Dakota. The city was named after the dead tree found in the narrow canyon [Deadwood Gulch], where the historic Main Street and Sherman Street were originally laid out. Covered by a narrow gorge of pine-clad cliffs surrounded by Black Hills, the entire National Historic Register city was ready for fire devastation. The National Historical Protection Association has put the entire historical district on the list of the 11 most at risk.

The lesson of forever losing past historical main streets throughout the United States has driven Deadwood's decision to “preserve” historic communities through documentation. It was a lesson learned hard when the city rose from the ash again as miners, merchants, bankers and saloon keeper began rebuilding in 1878. The city even felt the effects of the 1966 earthquake.

In the spring of 2003, Rapid City, South Dakota and other support team TSP Architects recorded a 5,992 foot building facade along the downtown main street about 0.5 miles on each side using a Cyrax 2500 3D laser scanner. did.

In the quarter-century after the great fire, Deadwood experienced an unusual architectural boom, and the gold-rich town created a sparkling Galimau-free style in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The eye-catching version of Italians, Richard Sonian Romanesque, Second Reich, Queen Anne, and classic revival are now part of historic Downtown Deadwood. Many of the main street saloons, gaming houses and hotels have Italian characteristics, and some of the facades suggest a fake front that decorates a less important structure.

“With conventional documentation methods, it was not possible to show such structural details with elements of rough stones or decorative iron balconies,” said one of the original team members, now Optira, Inc. Says Mitch Schefcik. Carefully restored accurate documents on the reproduction of end-of-the-century buildings John Wayne, Pearl Buck, Babe Ruth, President Theodore Roosevelt and others have left this historic and unique Wild West town . . 3D laser scanning was the only clear option. “Optira, Inc., President and CEO Schefcik said.

In 2003, this technology was quite new. Cyrax 2500 maker, Cyrax 2500, “points the scanner at the scene, selects the desired measurement area and measurement resolution, and then automatically scans. The complete surface shape of the exposed surface is dense and accurate. “3D point cloud” is ready to use. "

“When creating documents using a 3D laser scanner, the importance of survey management is often overlooked,” said Michael Frecks, vice president of Optira, Inc. and 29 years of land inspector. “I felt it was important to involve local research companies in the area, not only for friendliness but also for commerce.”

Deadwood's unique coordinate system is another reason for being involved locally. Black Hills Surveying, Inc., Spearfish, South Dakota, was selected for this job. The region's history is one of the mining communities built from a coordinate system based on land information from the late 1800s based on the home steak mining company's open pit mine and the late 1800s land management office. Until the 1980s. In the early 1990s, the city of Deadwood passed the ordinance that established this system as the official coordinate system.

Randy Deibert, president of Black Hills Surveying, contributed to the establishment of more than 20 original monuments in the region, and comprehensive terrain on Deadwood Main Street for historical reconstruction scheduled in the early 1990s Created a diagram.

“The Deadwood coordinate system is an extension of the home steak coordinate system, including a monument in the mining district and a long history of the coordinates of hundreds of existing parcels,” Davert said. “The horizontal values ​​used this existing system to create an immediate GIS reference of the parcels. The vertical component is the result of the current FEMA benchmark used for regional flood floodplain management.”

Controls were placed along the main street, and an additional set of controls was installed within the historic United Methodist Church. The building was marked for demolition. The record of relationship and state with the district was the driving force for documentation of the entire main street. This dismantling proves to be a “test” scenario for pre-documentation purposes. The church was modeled in a 3D environment and virtually placed in the recorded scene using a laser scanner and surveying controls.

“Control traverse errors are directly related to the absolute position of the scan. However, since the scan has a relative accuracy of 0.5 inches relative to itself, there are especially 376 scan control points, Is very important. " Deadwood's highly detailed 244 scans each took about 15 minutes, and every 100 scan locations took about 30 minutes. To speed up the process, the team set up using two scanners facing opposite locations [northeast and southwest] simultaneously to control and capture the front of 77 buildings.

The Black Hills Survey crew was one day behind the scan team providing control. The main system used about 10 primary turn traverses and was controlled from the existing monuments of the local system. Additional side shots were also collected for all scan reference points above and inside the building. In total, the research side of the project took 8 field days, including a one and a half day delay due to rain.

Four scan targets were placed in each scan scene to associate scan data with survey controls. Each target was shot twice and an average value was assigned to the target. Once completed, the survey data was applied and the database was created with actual local coordinates.

This algorithm automatically calculates pair-wise registrations between individual scans, creates a topology graph, and places the scans in the same reference frame. You can extend these methods to automate the texture mapping process and create both geometric and photometric real models.

Since Deadwood's documentation, Optira, Inc has been at the forefront of historical documentation by catching up with the evolution of 3D laser scanning technology through the latest adaptation of 4D embedded metadata. These Building Information Modeling [BIM] processes are to acquire 3D building space data with high accuracy and short processing time, and place the data in the “living environment”. “Scans had to be done at a density that supported maximum data mapping at no cost,” Frecks says.

The Deadwood Documentation Project was partially funded by the CyArc Foundation, located in the San Francisco Bay Area, as a major pilot program. Since Deadwood's documentation, CyArc has evolved as an archive and related web portal, allowing site managers, researchers, students, and the public to access data.

“Conservation of cultural heritage is an important issue. These sites are subject to many forms of abuse, from erosion to vandalism, and have gone through many stages of construction, damage and restoration as long-lived artifacts. , Site administrators and conservation specialists can do a better job of cultural resource management, as a visualization technology, they allow more audiences to virtually see, learn and tour these sites Provides tools to help, "CyArk High Definition Network and father of 3D laser scanning.

Why you need to check out a wheelchair van rental for your next vacation

It can be difficult to take a vacation with a disabled person and family. This situation can be even more difficult if your loved one is tied up in a wheelchair. You need to worry about where you need to go and where you will stay. You must also make sure that you can access the attractions in a wheelchair. Fortunately, more hotels and attractions are now open to wheelchairs. The trick is to find a way to get there now.

Sure, you can take your family's car and put a wheelchair behind you. This has the advantage of being familiar. But how are you going to put it all there with your kids, wheelchairs, luggage and your dog? Even regular vans can be frustrating because it is cumbersome to get in and out of wheelchairs when going to different cities and places.

Want to check out wheelchair van rental South Dakota instead of dealing with this? Looking around you can rent a wheelchair van for a vacation for a surprisingly small amount. Check out the various rental facilities in your area and find out where you can absolutely get the best deal with a rental van. That way, you can add van convenience to your vacation.

Rental of wheelchair vans in South Dakota is designed to make your vacation easier and more enjoyable. Instead of spending hours on vacation just by getting in and out of the car, it's easier and smoother to make a better vacation. The technology of today's wheelchair van is phenomenal, very simple and smooth.

You can also get a good wheelchair van with hand controls if you need it. If you want to allow family members with disabilities to drive, do so with this type of vehicle. You need to practice a bit and get used to it, but anyone of sufficient age can drive a car. This makes vacation a fun and new experience for everyone without significantly increasing your vacation budget. However, before renting a van, please call to make sure the overall price is appropriate.

Rapid City-Land of Great Face and Location

South Dakota is a great state located in the Midwest. The state is adjacent to fascinating states such as Minnesota, Roy, Wyoming, North Dakota, and Montana. South Dakota is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the country because it offers some of the most famous attractions in the form of the most exciting cities such as Rushmore National Memorial, Sioux Falls, Rapid City and Bath One.

Rapid City is one of the most attractive and vacation destinations for the whole family if you plan to spend your vacation in South Dakota. It offers guests great opportunities for shopping, dining and outdoor recreation. It is the second largest city in the state and is behind an exotic and wonderful view of the Black Hills Mountains. The city is divided into two distinct regions, east and west, for mountain ranges.

The city is full of indoor and outdoor water parks to entertain and entertain the whole family, regardless of age. There are also some great interactive museums, wildlife parks and sanctuaries on display. For outdoor recreation, there are luxury golf courses that are famous throughout the country, such as hiking and mountain bike trails.

The city's most famous attractions include the Journey Museum, Dar Arts Centre, Reptile Gardens and Crystal Cave Park.

The Journey Museum is a fascinating place to visit during a tour of this exciting city. A visit to this place will return to the ancient times of Black Hills. The museum covers approximately 7 acres of land, and its exhibits include paleontology, archeology, geology, Western settlers and Native American artifacts.

The museum's paleontology and geology department has a dinosaur skeleton and a rock with gold inside. Items for Minilsa pioneers are also on display. The archaeological section provides information on the ancestors of Homo sapiens who were Black Hills residents. The museum also exhibits some temporary exhibits that last weeks or months. This is one of the city's must-see attractions.

The reptile garden is the city's main tourist attraction because it is the ideal home for the most exciting reptiles such as crocodiles, rattlesnakes and raptors. This is a unique and exceptional family vacation place. It also features the Komodo dragon, which is a big attraction of the garden.

Garden gained the status of being one of the top 10 roadside attractions in the United States.
Crystal Cave exhibits a variety of caves near Rapid City, South Dakota. The cave introduces various types of rock shapes, including bird baths, popcorn calcite, canine spars, and boxwork. The walls and ceiling of the cave are very crystallized, making it a wonderful piece.

There are several exotic lakes in South Dakota, such as Richmond Lake, Canyon Park, Fulton, Carew, and Woodville Lake, so trips to this place should be unforgettable.